Mare`s milk is stirred 3000-5000 times to ready airag. Local people milk mare in every 2 hours from 8 am. There is an old legend about the gods who decided to make a drink that would replace all other nourishment needed by man. They worked on it for a long time and finally the drink was ready. They called it airag or kumis. For the Mongols, kumis is a symbol of hospitality and friendly feelings. This old song will probably teach you how to make kumis.
Catch a mare in the prairie And then milk her in the dairy Until your bucket’s full of milk, Thick snow-white mare’s milk Now your work is very easy, But long enough to keep you busy You select a good big skin And pour the mare’s milk in Leave the skin, now swollen fat, On the ground lying flat, Whip the milk with an elm beater And add a good culture to ferment it We love kumis as it gives us health, We’re poor and it’s our only wealth, This drink has no equal, we are told, And it’s dearer than silver and gold.